Home solar power systems are the easiest alternative power source for most people to install, because they can be placed on a rooftop, without the need for towers, which can sometimes be against local ordinances. The other thing about home solar power systems is that you don't have to worry about the average prevailing wind speed in your region.
Although there will be days that you won't have sunshine, with proper battery storage, you can make it through quite easily, as long as your solar panels are installed where they can receive optimal sun. It is recommended they are installed with a Southern exposure, free of shading obstacles.
For home solar power systems, you will need to consider the four main components of the system: the solar panels, the batteries, the voltage regulator or charge controller and the converter or power inverter. Each of these parts can determine the amount of power you are able to capture, store and convert for usage.
You can find a lot of information about building your own home solar power systems on the Internet and many people sell kits that only cost a few hundred. Professionally installed systems can cost thousands of dollars, although you can get utility rebates and tax credits. Even backyard projects for home solar power systems can save you hundreds and thousands on your energy bills, but they don't always carry the resale value that professional solar panel systems do.
For this reason, many people may buy the solar panels for their home solar power systems, but construct the rest of the system using everyday things you might have on hand or can find at the hardware store. Marine batteries work great for storage capacity because they are deep cycle, but many people have used a bank of lead acid car batteries, too. It all depends on how much you plan to invest in home solar power systems, but you will save money on your energy bills and can recoup your investment quicker with homemade backyard systems, than you can with professional solar panel systems.
The power inverter or converter is an important part of the system and so is the voltage regulator or charge controller. On home solar power systems, you have to control the amount of charging and the rate of charging, or you will shorten the batteries' charging cycle. Without the power inverter or converter, the battery bank will discharge DC power, which can't be used as household current. With the inverter or converter, your home solar power systems can be used to power appliances, a portion of your home, or if the system is large enough, the entire house.
In the more remote regions of the United States, many people have relied on home solar power systems and wind power systems for quite a few years. With home solar power systems, you can save money on your energy bills and they aren't that difficult or expensive to construct.